Regional Landscape System as Medium of Urbanization the Landscape Evolution and Urban Development of Boston as Charles River Estuary City
05/08/2018

Zheng Xi, Jiang Yuting
Abstract:  The city is built and developed within the natural system, while most natural environment is not entirely suitable for human living. By everlasting human intervention  with  the  nature,  the  territorial  landscape  gradually  evolves  the  regional  landscape  system.  City  exists  in  the  system  and  attempts  to  accommodate and  grow  up.  A  case  study  will  be  given  on   the  Charles  River  Estuary  city  of  Boston  which  located  in  the  northeastern  U.S.  From  the  perspective  of  landscape architecture,  this  paper  will  do  a  comprehensive  analysis  on  the  process  of  estuary  urbanism,  mainly  in  the  context  of  regional  landscape  system,  urban  morphology, industrialization  and  green  park  system.  More  specifically,  it  includes  the  estuary  natural  environment  condition,  the  early  settlements,  the  establishment  of  Boston Commons  as  park  prototype,  the  promotion  of  industrial  development  by  utilization  of  tidal  hydrology,  urban  sprawl  driven  by  landfill  and  pollution  control,  and construction  of  two  famous  urban  park  systems. This  study  explored  regional  landscape  system  evolution  as  medium  to  guide  urban  development,  which  provides enlightenment for the landscape architecture as strategies in the process of contemporary urbanization.

 

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